Mayor Fulop Announces Changes to the Jersey City Police Department Use of Force General Orders

2)      Require Warning Before Shootings

See JCPD G.O. 02-16 1.2.2 AVAILABLE LEVELS OF FORCE Verbal Commands –Verbal commands, when practical, should proceed every level of force needed.  (p. 4) However, the circumstances presented to an officer may dictate the skipping of any number of intermediate steps and immediately may necessitate jumping to a higher step in order to effectively and safely protect him/herself and./or others. (p. 4)

3)      Chokehold & Strangleholds Policy:

Language Change: 

The use of chokeholds and strangleholds are not recognized tactics as part of the Jersey City Police Department Training, and should only be used as an absolute last resort in circumstances where no reasonable alternative is available to protect the officer’s safety and/or the safety of another person. 

4)      Exhaust All Other Means Before Shooting

See Answer to Require De-Escalation above. 

5)      Duty To Intervene

Language Change: 

See JCPD G.O. 02-16 BACKGROUND.  Every Officer is mandated and required to take appropriate action in any situation where the officer is clearly convinced that another officer is using force in violation of state law.  Officers are obligated to report situations in which force is used illegally by anyone.  Officers are mandated to do whatever they can to interrupt the flow of events before a fellow officer does something illegal and before any official action is necessary. (P. 1) 

6)      Require Use of Force Continuum

See JCPD G.O. 02-16, 1.2 et seq. AVAILABLE LEVELS OF FORCE: In ascending Order  Presence, Verbal Commands, Show of Non-Deadly force (production of O/C Canister or Impact weapon), Physical Control “Empty hands” Techniques, Hand Held Aerosol Restraint (O/C Spray), Defensive Impact Weapon, Threat of Deadly Force, Conducted Energy Device and Deadly Force.  (p. 6)

Please note the ascending Order deviation if the officer reasonably believes such action (Deadly Force) is immediately necessary to protect the officer or another person from imminent danger of death or serious bodily injury.  See JCPD G.O. 02-16, 3. USE OF DEADLY FORCE (JUSTIFICATION) (P. 7)

7)      Require Comprehensive Reporting

Language Change: 

See JCPD G.O. 02-16, 5.  USE OF FORCE REPORTS . 5.1 In all instances when physical force, mechanical or deadly force is used, each officer who has employed such force SHALL complete:

All reports and a Use of Force report.  (See p. 9)   

Language to be Added: Supervisor shall respond to the scene of any use of force by any department member in all cases, when possible, the Internal Affairs Bureau will review all use of force reports whether a complaint is issued or not.     

8)      Ban Shooting at Moving Vehicles

See JCPD G.O. 02-16, 3.2 RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF DEADLY FORCE 3.2.6 Discharging weapons from or at moving vehicles, or at the driver or occupant of a moving vehicle is prohibited unless the officer reasonably believes:

3.2.6.1 There exists an imminent danger of death or serious bodily harm to officers or another person; AND

3.2.6.2 No other means are available at that time to avert or eliminate the danger. 

3.2.7 An Officer shall not fire a weapon solely to disable moving vehicles.  (P. 8) 

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